How to use Aircrack-ng 1.2 to crack WPA2 password

   In this tutorial, I'm going to share on How to crack a WPA/WPA2 password using Aircrack 1.2 program. This tutorial is a continuation from my previous post . You can read the differences on WPA/WPA2 here.   

  Before you continue with the tutorial, you need to have a wireless card that support for packet monitoring and injection.In this tutorial, I'm using TL-WN722N TP Link USB wireless card that come with atheros chipset. By default this card will work great with the default "ath9k" driver that come with Ubuntu 12.04 LTS package.

What you need

1.Working wireless card
2.Aircrack -ng suite installed on your system (check my previous post )
3. Word list dictionary to crack


1.Turn on the Wireless card to monitor mode (airmon-ng)
2. Discover the existing Wi-fi network (airodump-ng)
3. Sniff and capture packet for the desired Access Point  (airodump-ng)
4.Inject packet to clear the ARP cache and wait for client and AP authentication. (aireplay-ng)
5. Make sure you capture the "EAPOL"protocol
6.(OPTIONAL) Make a new folder and copy the word list dictionary into it .
7.Crack it!!
8.Test it!!! 

Steps by steps

1.Turn on the Wireless card to monitor mode

1.1 start interface to monitor the network

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo airmon-ng start wlan1

Enable wireless card monitor mode

1.2 (OPTIONAL) changing the MAC address. Normally, I change the MAC address because I can know which Access Point (AP)  I'm connected to when I run "airodump-ng" . In the video I change the MAC to 00:11:22:33:44:55 .

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo ifconfig mon0 down
shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo macchanger -m 00:11:22:33:44:55 mon0
shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo ifconfig mon0 up

Changing the MAC address

2. Discover the existing Wi-fi network (airmon-ng)

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo airodump-ng mon0

Wi fi Network Discovering

You can use this command to monitor all the available network around your area. This information help you to determine the network that you want to crack .Please check below table on details of the information return by "airodump-ng" command . Thanks Aircrack-ng website for the below table.

BSSIDThe MAC address of the AP
PWRSignal strength. Some drivers don't report it
BeaconsNumber of beacon frames received. If you don't have a signal strength you can estimate it by the number of beacons: the more beacons, the better the signal quality
DataNumber of data frames received
CHChannel the AP is operating on
MBSpeed or AP Mode. 11 is pure 802.11b, 54 pure 802.11g. Values between are a mixture
ENCEncryption: OPN: no encryption, WEP: WEP encryption, WPA: WPA or WPA2 encryption, WEP?: WEP or WPA (don't know yet)
ESSIDThe network name. Sometimes hidden
                                      Upper data show the available Access Point

BSSIDThe MAC of the AP this client is associated to
STATIONThe MAC of the client itself
PWRSignal strength. Some drivers don't report it
PacketsNumber of data frames received
ProbesNetwork names (ESSIDs) this client has probed
                              Lower data show the available client

If you change your MAC address and connected to the Access Point, you can detect easily which AP you are connected to . Look for active connection with active user .

3. Sniff and capture packet for the desired Access Point  (airodump-ng)
Once you know which Access Point you want to crack, next step is run a command to  sniff and capture the network.

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo airodump-ng --bssid 9C:D3:6D:1A:1C:54 --channel 9 -w supermanbatman mon0 

This command will monitor the AP with MAC address 9C:D3:6D:1A:1C:54 on channel 9 and will capture and write the sniffed information to supermanbatman file .

sniffed network information

4..Inject packet to clear the ARP cache and wait for client and AP authentication. (aireplay-ng)

Open a  new terminal and run

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~$ sudo aireplay-ng -0 3 -a 9C:D3:6D:1A:1C:54 -c 08:37:3D:EC:9D:D3 --ignore-negative-one  mon0 

This command will inject 3 fake deauthentication packet to the client. In this example my client is the one that having 08:37:3D:EC:9D:D3 MAC address . "ignore-negative-one" is a miscellaneous command to ignore the mismatch if the interface's channel  can't  be  determined.

Successfull packet injection

 Once the packet is injected, the active client connection will be disconnected from the AP. Most of today computer will auto connect the AP because of the client system password saving function . After you done with the injection,let the packet capturing run for a while. This is important so that you capture  the AP authentication information that it send to the client .How long you need to wait ?? The rule of thumb that I use, you need to monitor the active packet transmission between the client and the AP . An active connection mean that the client user is actively using the connection. This mean that he has successfully connected to the AP.

5. Make sure you capture the "EAPOL"protocol
Check the captured data with Wireshark  for "EAP" protocol. "EAP"  is stand for Extensible Authentication Protocol "EAP" only defines message formats. Protocol that uses EAP defines a way to encapsulate EAP messages within that protocol messages within that protocol messages.  "EAPOL"  stand for Extensible Autehntication Protocol Over LAN .Please read more here . Make sure you have this information to proceed to next step.

EAPOL messages
6. (OPTIONAL)Make a new folder and copy the word list dictionary into it .
In the video that I made, I compile everything in one folder for the sake of tutorial. If you know where is the location you stored the  dictionary, you can straight away type in the terminal . For those who don't have any word dictionary,  you can download it here .

7.Crack it!!
Once you have all the necessary requirement, here is the part where you will crack the file! .
the cracking result will depend on your Word list dictionary and your system processor speed. If you have a massive collection of word dictionary, you will increase the probability to get it crack  . If you are lucky, you able to get the password crack within few minutes and can go up on to few hours/days or else your system  will just return "No  Key Found".

shark_attack@Positive-Space:~/supermanbatman$ sudo aircrack-ng -w darkc0de.lst supermanbatman-01.cap

Cracked password!
8.Test it!!! 
The last and final step is test the new password with the AP!! :-)

If you want to view my captured file, please download it here .:-)

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